What is a Theory of Change?
A theory of change (or impact map) is a logical hypothesis that connects the elements that contribute to creating an intentional change – it includes:
- How we frame a challenge/opportunity.
- What we (will) do.
- How we (will) do it.
- The results we expect those activities to generate.
- The eventual change we are aiming to contribute to.
- Helps develop a common understanding of what an organization or intervention is trying to change and how.
- Strengthens the focus of interventions.
- Drives the development of strategies and workstreams.
- Provides a framework for tracking and assessing performance.
- Enables the identification of complementary partners.
- Supports thinking and conversations around change.
- Surfaces and makes assumptions explicit.
This is SuperBenefit’s theory of change. To help build understanding, we’ve developed four different “angles” – alternative ways of expressing the theory of change, and components within it. While we won’t be changing this on a regular basis, the theory of change will evolve as SuperBenefit does, so think of this as a starting position.